How does Artificial Pancreas treatment work in Diabetes?

The pancreas plays an important role in the human body by keeping the blood sugar levels under control. The pancreas generally works as a transmitter of blood sugar, as the blood sugar rises after eating, and the sugar level in the blood would increase and hence the blood sugar is moved from the bloodstream to the cells with the help of insulin hormone. The transferred blood sugar in the cells is stored for energy. And whenever the blood sugar levels get decreased, the pancreas release glucagon hormone, which intimates the liver to release the stored sugar into the bloodstream. In this way, the pancreas is one of the major organs for body function and metabolism. 


 In general, Type 1 diabetes patients consist of damaged pancreatic cells that make insulin. Hence they are unable to release the hormone. This is the reason why diabetes patients tend to inject insulin themselves when their blood sugar gets too high. So there is an urge for such medical development in diabetes treatments. 


 In Diabetes, Artificial Pancreas is a combined system of a glucose sensor, a control algorithm, and an insulin infusion device. It acts like a real pancreas, constantly checks the blood sugar levels, and releases the insulin whenever needed. With this system, there is a sensor associated within the body with continuous glucose monitor (CGM), these all work together as a team and alerts the changes in blood sugar level. The CGM uses the sensor every 5 minutes to check the blood sugar levels and it transfers the reading to the insulin infusion pump. Along with this, a smartphone app will be provided, to keep tracking the blood sugar levels and insulin doses.


 Keywords: Diabetes, Artificial Pancreas, Blood sugar, Insulin, Glucagon, Metabolism, Control Algorithm, Glucose Sensor, Continuous Glucose Monitor (CGM), Smartphone App


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